There are six changes of phase that substances go through:
- Freezing: liquid to solid.
- Melting: solid to liquid.
- Condensation: gas to liquid.
- Vaporization: liquid to gas.
- Sublimation: solid to gas.
- Deposition: gas to solid.
Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition
When water changes state in the water cycle, the total number of water particles remains the same. The changes of state include melting, sublimation, evaporation, freezing, condensation, and deposition . All changes of state involve the transfer of energy.
Here is a list of the phase changes of matter.
- Melting (Solid → Liquid)
- Freezing (Liquid → Solid)
- Vaporization or Evaporation (Liquid → Gas)
- Condensation (Gas → Liquid)
- Deposition (Gas → Solid)
- Sublimation (Solid → Gas)
- Ionization (Gas → Plasma)
- Deionization or Recombination (Plasma → Gas)
Melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, sublimation, and deposition are six common phase changes.
Sublimation, deposition, condensation, evaporation, freezing, and melting represent phase changes of matter.
In the example of ice melting, while the ice is melting, there is both solid water and liquid water in the cup. There are six ways a substance can change between these three phases; melting, freezing, evaporating, condensing, sublimination, and deposition ( 2 ) .